Exercises

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Aramaic: Frequency Vocabulary (20 and more Occurrences)

The exercise contains words that occur 20 times or more in the Old Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will give you an ability for basic reading of the Old Testament in the Aramaic language.

42
Aramaic
60

Hebrew: Frequency Vocabulary (19-15 Occurrences)

The exercise contains words that occur between 19 to 15 times in the Old Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will increase your ability for a more fluent reading of the Old Testament in the He ew language.

296
Hebrew
115

Hebrew: Frequency Vocabulary (29-20 Occurrences)

The exercise contains words that occur between 29 to 20 times in the Old Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will increase your ability for a more fluent reading of the Old Testament in the He ew language.

447
Hebrew
52

Love and Affection

Primary expressions for the word love in the New Testament are two nouns ἀγαπη and φιλία, including their cognates.  These words are present in various contexts, creating a vi ant semantic range. In the bible, there exist another two words for love ἔρως and στοργή that are however present in...

30
Greek
64

Holy War (Deuteronomy 20:1-20)

The term "holy war" refers to a sort of warfare that is dedicated to the purposes of the Lord.  God himself is also an active participant it this kind of war. The Old Testament does not use the term “holy war.” Instead, it was coined by the German scholar Friedrich Schwally in the early...

135
Hebrew
22

Song of Angels: Gloria in Excelsis (Luke 2:14)

Gloria in Excelsis refers to a short hymn that is pronounced by angels when the birth of Christ and savior was announced to shepherds. The name "Gloria in Excelsis" is based on the first three words from the verse in the Latin translation: "Gloria in excelsis Deo et in terra pax hominibus bonae...

10
Greek
71

Suffering of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 3:18-22)

The 1 Peter 3:18-22 is arguably the most challenging passage in the entire list and maybe in the entire New Testament itself. This Christological text might have contained fragments of an ancient hymn (among others in the list: 1 Peter 1:18-21; 1 Peter 2:21-25; 1 Peter 3:18-22; 1 Peter 5:5-9). It...

64
Greek
31

Mystery of True Godliness (1 Timothy 3:16)

This short hymnic passage of 1 Timothy 3:16 interrupts Paul’s address to Timothy with an exposition of “the mystery of true godliness.” This eak is apparent by the change of personal pronoun from the second person (you) to the third (he) as well as also pointed by relative pronoun “which (ὃς...

21
Greek
53

Hymn of Peace (Ephesians 2:14-16)

Paul eaks his speech to the Ephesians in verses 2:14-16, and begins a short discourse that is composed as a hymn. This is well discerned by a change of the personal prepositions from the first person plural (we) to the third person singular (he). In this discourse, Paul ings to the foreground...

31
Greek
47

Davidic Messiah (Psalms of Solomon 17:1-51)

This very famous psalm (among the NT scholars) describes a Davidic, messianic figure who will purge Jerusalem of Gentiles. The psalm is important for christology studies in that it unveils messianic hopes among some anches of early Judaism. It promotes a belief that the messiah would soon come to...

261
Greek
202

Surely God is good to Israel (Psalm 73)

Psalm 73 is one of the Psalms of Asaph (see 50 and 74-83). It is numbered as 73 in Masoretic numbering while in Septuagint and Vulgate the numbering it is 72. This psalm is raising a topic of prosperity of righteous and wicked people. For the author, as he observes, it seems like those who are...

144
Hebrew
10

Judge Ehud (Judges 3:12-30)

Ehud (אֵהוּד בֶּן־גֵּרָא, Ehúd ben Géráh) is the second judge who was sent by God to deliver the Israelites from Moabite domination resulting in peace lasting for eighty years. He is described as being left-handed and a member of the Tribe of Benjamin.  The judge is sent to the Moabite King...

141
Hebrew
6

Feeding of the five thousand (John 6:1-15)

In the Gospels, there are two separate miracle accounts of feeding the multitude. The first account, "Feeding of the 5,000", is recorded in all four gospels (Matthew 14:13-21; Mark 6:31-44; Luke 9:12-17; John 6:1-15). The second account, the "Feeding of the 4,000", with seven loaves of ead and...

108
Greek
15

Judge Othniel (Judges 3:8-11)

Othniel (עָתְנִיאֵל בֶּן קְנַז, Otniel ben Kenaz) was the first of the judges of Israel. The name Othniel can be interpreted as  „Protector of God“ or „Protection (is) God“. Some time after the death of Joshua, the Israelites once again turned to sin and fell under the subjection of...

43
Hebrew
9

Christology (study of Christ)

The New Testament Christology studies the nature and significance of the person of Jesus Christ. Especially prominent is the understanding of Christological titles in the NT and their variations or emphasis among NT authors. The most important of these titles is the Messiah and the Son of God. In...

19
Greek
74