Grammar • Parsing • Translating • Vocabulary

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Love and Affection

Primary expressions for the word love in the New Testament are two nouns ἀγαπη and φιλία, including their cognates.  These words are present in various contexts, creating a vi ant semantic range. In the bible, there exist another two words for love ἔρως and στοργή that are however present in...


Holy War (Deuteronomy 20:1-20)

The term "holy war" refers to a sort of warfare that is dedicated to the purposes of the Lord.  God himself is also an active participant it this kind of war. The Old Testament does not use the term “holy war.” Instead, it was coined by the German scholar Friedrich Schwally in the early...


Song of Angels: Gloria in Excelsis (Luke 2:14)

Gloria in Excelsis refers to a short hymn that is pronounced by angels when the birth of Christ and savior was announced to shepherds. The name "Gloria in Excelsis" is based on the first three words from the verse in the Latin translation: "Gloria in excelsis Deo et in terra pax hominibus bonae...