Small Historical Creed (Deuteronomy 6:20-25)
In summary the text is trying to communicate this advice or warning: Remember what the Lord has done.
It is all based on the question the Lord is suggesting that future generations will ask: "What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?" (Dt 6:20). In other words: what is our faith about? why we believe in this way?
The Lord suggest also the answer to the question. The living generation is committed to share what the Lord has done in the past for his people and remembering the past make them answer the question.
First they are especially reminded of leaving the Egypt. The experience of Egypt is very important for God's people. It reminds God's people that they were once slaves and only by his power and provision were freed (Dt 6:21). Their life was changed because of God. Without him there would be no people of God.
Second there is a perspective for them in establishing a different society based on obedient relationship with God. Not only because this is what the Lord wants but for the goodness (Dt 6:24) of the people. All of the commandments and words of God are the new way of life for the community.
So the final answer for the question stated above would be something like this: "we believe, we have faith, because the Lord cares for us and in seeking good for us he changed our lifes from certain misery and death to prosperity, so we can have a future again."
|לְ||to, for, in regard to|
|יְהוָה||the Lord, Yhwh|
|בְּ||in, at (time, place); by; with; by means of|
|כֹּל||the whole, all|
|אֱלֹהִים||God; god; gods|
|כִּי||yea; that, for, when|
4Hear, O Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah:5and thou shalt love Jehovah thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.6And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be upon thy heart;7and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.8And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thy hand, and they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes.9And thou shalt write them upon the door-posts of thy house, and upon thy gates.10And it shall be, when Jehovah thy God shall bring thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee, great and goodly cities, which thou buildest not,11and houses full of all good things, which thou filledst not, and cisterns hewn out, which thou hewedst not, vineyards and olive-trees, which thou plantedst not, and thou shalt eat and be full;12then beware lest thou forget Jehovah, who brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.13Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; and him shalt thou serve, and shalt swear by his name.14Ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the peoples that are round about you;15for Jehovah thy God in the midst of thee is a jealous God; lest the anger of Jehovah thy God be kindled against thee, and he destroy thee from off the face of the earth.16Ye shall not tempt Jehovah your God, as ye tempted him in Massah.
17Ye shall diligently keep the commandments of Jehovah your God, and his testimonies, and his statutes, which he hath commanded thee.18And thou shalt do that which is right and good in the sight of Jehovah; that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest go in and possess the good land which Jehovah sware unto thy fathers,19to thrust out all thine enemies from before thee, as Jehovah hath spoken.20When thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What mean the testimonies, and the statutes, and the ordinances, which Jehovah our God hath commanded you?21then thou shalt say unto thy son, We were Pharaoh´s bondmen in Egypt: and Jehovah brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand;22and Jehovah showed signs and wonders, great and sore, upon Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his house, before our eyes;23and he brought us out from thence, that he might bring us in, to give us the land which he sware unto our fathers.24And Jehovah commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear Jehovah our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as at this day.25And it shall be righteousness unto us, if we observe to do all this commandment before Jehovah our God, as he hath commanded us.