Greek: Basic Vocabulary (300 Most Frequent Words )
Greek: Basic Vocabulary (300 Most Frequent Words )
The exercise contains words that occur 50 times or more in the New Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will give you an ability for basic reading of the New Testament in the Greek language.
Hebrew: Basic Vocabulary (700 Most Frequent Words)
The exercise contains words that occur 50 times or more in the Old Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will give you an ability for basic reading of the Old Testament in the Hebrew language.
Aramaic: Frequency Vocabulary (20 And More Occurrences)
The exercise contains words that occur 20 times or more in the Old Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will give you an ability for basic reading of the Old Testament in the Aramaic language.
Latin: Basic Vocabulary in the New Testament (300 Most Frequent Words )
The exercise contains words that occur 50 times or more in the New Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will give you an ability for basic reading of the New Testament in the Latin language.
The Greek alphabet has 24 letters. It is composed of both consonants and vowels. Today it is also used for technical symbols and labels.
The Hebrew alphabet has 22 basic letters. It is primarily composed of consonants because vowels are the later addition to transcribe correct pronunciation.
Decalogue (Exodus 20:1-17)
Ten Commandments belong among the most known texts of the Bible. However, it is not so much known that this text, in fact, can not be literary called as commandments. This is suggested both by the context, which speaks of Decalogue as "words" (Ex 20:1) or as "ten words" (Ex 34:28), and the...
Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:5-15)
One of the most known texts of the Bible is the Lord's prayer. This portion of the Bible is an integral part of Western society. We can hear it in movies or from people who are not Christians. The importance is highlighted by two occurrences in the New Testament in Matthew 6:5-15 and Luke...
Catechesis (education and teaching)
The ultimate goal of Christian catechesis is to prepare believers for holy life in Christ Jesus and preserve them for the day of salvation. The primary biblical tools to achieve this task are God's Word (2 Timothy 3:13), Mercy (Titus 2:11-13), and Law (Exodus 20; Matthew 5-7).
Christology (study of Christ)
The New Testament Christology studies the nature and significance of the person of Jesus Christ. Especially prominent is the understanding of Christological titles in the NT and their variations or emphasis among NT authors. The most important of these titles is the Messiah and the Son of God. In...
Eschatology (study of the last things)
Eschatology refers to the study of the ultimate climax or end of history. Among the primary topics are conceptions, such as the purpose of history, end times, second coming, judgment, death, hell, or eternal life. In recent times, three primary forms of eschatology have developed. The first...
Love and Affection
Primary expressions for the word love in the New Testament are two nouns ἀγαπη and φιλία, including their cognates. These words are present in various contexts, creating a vibrant semantic range. In the bible, there exist another two words for love ἔρως and στοργή that are however present in...
Pastoral Care (Cure of Souls)
The term pastoral care comes from latin cura animarum and from the activity itself. This ministry reflects Jesus' pastoral attributes in practical service to the world (neighbors). It is based on texts such as Matthew 22:37-40 or Matthew 25:35-40. Its primary goal is ministry towards Christians to...
The Apostles’ Creed is one of the most known summaries of the Christian faith. Its purpose was to publicly declare, teach and defend the Christian faith. Its significance was also important during the baptism to confess a personal faith. The creed has a trinitarian structure, divided into three...
The Nicene Creed is a declaration of faith stated by the church fathers on the Council of Nicaea (325 AD). This is the first creed solving crucial doctrinal issues and church disunity. The purpose of the creed is to define orthodox Christianity against sentiments of heretical groups (such as...
The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed is a declaration of faith stated by the church fathers on the Council of Constantinople (381 AD). This creed is an extended update of the Nicene Creed (325 AD). The purpose of the creed is to define orthodox Christianity against sentiments of heretical groups...
Creation of the World (Genesis 1:1-31)
Call of Abraham (Genesis 12:1-9)
God is calling Abraham as an origin of new people of God, who will know true God and worship Him. These people will be founded upon trust in promises given by Lord. The whole abrahamic narrative will be about test of this trust. God is sending Abraham out of his birth land to a...
Small Historical Creed (Deuteronomy 6:20-25)
In summary the text is trying to communicate this advice or warning: Remember what the Lord has done. It is all based on the question the Lord is suggesting that future generations will ask: "What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?" (Dt...
Mary's Song of Praise: The Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55)
Magnificat refers to a hymn that Mary pronounces before the birth of Jesus Christ. The name "Magnificat" is based on the first word from the first verse in the Latin translation: "Magnificat anima mea Dominum (My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord)" (Luke 1:46).
Song of Zechariah: The Benedictus (Luke 1:68-79)
Benedictus refers to a hymn of thanksgiving that Zechariah pronounces during the circumcision of John the Baptist. The name "Benedictus" is based on the first word from the first verse in the Latin translation: "Benedictus Dominus Deus Israel (Blessed be the Lord God of Israel)" (Luke 1:68).
Song of Angels: Gloria in Excelsis (Luke 2:14)
Gloria in Excelsis refers to a short hymn that is pronounced by angels when the birth of Christ and savior was announced to shepherds. The name "Gloria in Excelsis" is based on the first three words from the verse in the Latin translation: "Gloria in excelsis Deo et in terra pax hominibus bonae...
Song of Simeon: Nunc dimittis (Luke 2:29-32)
Nunc dimittis refers to a hymn that Simeon pronounces when seeing a Messiah as he was promised by the Holy Spirit before his death comes. The name "Nunc dimittis" is based on the first two words from the first verse in the Latin translation: "Nunc dimittis servum tuum, Domine, secundum verbum tuum...
Word Became Flesh (John 1:1-18)
One of the most important verses in gospel of John is John 1:18. It says: "No one has ever seen God: only begotten God who is at the bosom of the Father, He made Him fully known." (translation from Greek). This is how the gospel begins and Jesus is right when He answers Philip, that who ever...
Hymn of Peace (Ephesians 2:14-16)
Paul breaks his speech to the Ephesians in verses 2:14-16, and begins a short discourse that is composed as a hymn. This is well discerned by a change of the personal prepositions from the first person plural (we) to the third person singular (he). In this discourse, Paul brings to the...
Exaltation of Christ (Philippians 2:6-11)
This passage is considered to be a fragment of an early Christian hymn. Such hymns existed in order to honor and praise God. There is, of course, a pastoral frame around the hymn. The function of the hymn here is to persuade and motivate Philippian Christians to imitate Christ in his humbleness...
Christ’s Supremacy in Cosmos and Atonement (Colossians 1:15-20)
The hymn of Colossians 1:15-20 focuses on the agency of Christ in the creation of all that is. The flow of the text is interrupted by the hymn in the change of the personal pronouns from the first and second person (I, you) to the third person (he). In the end, It is then resumed back to previously...
Mystery of True Godliness (1 Timothy 3:16)
This short hymnic passage of 1 Timothy 3:16 interrupts Paul’s address to Timothy with an exposition of “the mystery of true godliness.” This break is apparent by the change of personal pronoun from the second person (you) to the third (he) as well as also pointed by relative pronoun “which (ὃς...
God's Supreme Revelation (Hebrews 1:1-4)
Opening verses of the Epistle to the Hebrews do not start with greeting nor addressing the recipients as is typical for biblical epistolary literature. Although the epistle is placed among epistolary literature it does not share its form. It is rather closer to homily (sermon) by its own literary...
Suffering of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 3:18-22)
The 1 Peter 3:18-22 is arguably the most challenging passage in the entire list and maybe in the entire New Testament itself. This Christological text might have contained fragments of an ancient hymn (among others in the list: 1 Peter 1:18-21; 1 Peter 2:21-25; 1 Peter 3:18-22; 1 Peter 5:5-9). It...
Matthew 8:1-13 Third Sunday after Epiphany
Jesus Heals a man with Leprosy
A Latin class
1 Peter 1:1-12 (vocab exercise)
1st Peter 1:1-12 vocab for Greek III Global University Unit 2 lesson 3 part 1 of 2
Alfasta alkuun: Johdatus Uuden testamentin kreikkaan
Alfasta alkuun: Johdatus Uuden testamentin kreikkaan (Kiilunen, Jarmo; Hakola, Raimo) (4. painos) - (Greek for the Finnish speakers)