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Greek: Basic Vocabulary (300 Most Frequent Words)

The exercise contains words that occur 50 times or more in the New Testament. Mastering this vocabulary will give you an ability for basic reading of the New Testament in the Greek language.

313
Greek

Greek alphabet

The Greek alphabet is a significant writing system that was developed around 800 BCE and has had a profound impact on the development of Western culture, language, and literature. It is the oldest alphabet in the narrow sense of the term, as it was the first to use distinct symbols for both...

24
Greek

Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:5-15)

One of the most known texts of the Bible is the Lord's prayer. This portion of the Bible is an integral part of Western society. We can hear it in movies or from people who are not Christians.  The importance is highlighted by two occurrences in the New Testament in Matthew 6:5-15 and Luke...

79
Greek

Christology (study of Christ)

The New Testament Christology studies the nature and significance of the person of Jesus Christ. Especially prominent is the understanding of Christological titles in the NT and their variations or emphasis among NT authors. The most important of these titles is the Messiah and the Son of God. In...

19
Greek
291

Eschatology (study of the last things)

Eschatology refers to the study of the ultimate climax or end of history. Among the primary topics are conceptions, such as the purpose of history, end times, second coming, judgment, death, hell, or eternal life. In recent times, three primary forms of eschatology have developed. The first...

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Greek
111

Catechesis (education and teaching)

The ultimate goal of Christian catechesis is to prepare believers for holy life in Christ Jesus and preserve them for the day of salvation. The primary biblical tools to achieve this task are God's Word (2 Timothy 3:13), Mercy (Titus 2:11-13), and Law (Exodus 20; Matthew 5-7). 

14
Greek
58

Love and Affection

Primary expressions for the word love in the New Testament are two nouns ἀγαπη and φιλία, including their cognates.  These words are present in various contexts, creating a vibrant semantic range. In the bible, there exist another two words for love ἔρως and στοργή that are however present in...

30
Greek
126

Pastoral Care (Cure of Souls)

The term pastoral care comes from latin cura animarum and from the activity itself. This ministry reflects Jesus' pastoral attributes in practical service to the world (neighbors). It is based on texts such as Matthew 22:37-40 or Matthew 25:35-40. Its primary goal is ministry towards Christians to...

13
Greek
78

Apostles' Creed

The Apostles’ Creed is one of the most known summaries of the Christian faith. Its purpose was to publicly declare, teach and defend the Christian faith. Its significance was also important during the baptism to confess a personal faith. The creed has a trinitarian structure, divided into three...

57
Greek
402

Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed is a declaration of faith stated by the church fathers on the Council of Nicaea (325 AD). This is the first creed solving crucial doctrinal issues and church disunity. The content of the creed is following: Πιστεύομεν εἰς ἕνα Θεὸν Πατέρα παντοκράτορα, πάντων...

59
Greek
154

Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed

The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed is a declaration of faith stated by the church fathers on the Council of Constantinople (381 AD). This creed is an extended update of the Nicene Creed (325 AD). The purpose of the creed is to define orthodox Christianity against sentiments of heretical groups...

85
Greek
78

Mary's Song of Praise: The Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55)

Magnificat refers to a hymn that Mary pronounces before the birth of Jesus Christ. The name "Magnificat" is based on the first word from the first verse in the Latin translation: "Magnificat anima mea Dominum (My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord)" (Luke 1:46).

70
Greek
202

Song of Zechariah: The Benedictus (Luke 1:68-79)

Benedictus refers to a hymn of thanksgiving that Zechariah pronounces during the circumcision of John the Baptist. The name "Benedictus" is based on the first word from the first verse in the Latin translation: "Benedictus Dominus Deus Israel (Blessed be the Lord God of Israel)" (Luke 1:68).

80
Greek
188

Song of Angels: Gloria in Excelsis (Luke 2:14)

Gloria in Excelsis refers to a short hymn that is pronounced by angels when the birth of Christ and savior was announced to shepherds. The name "Gloria in Excelsis" is based on the first three words from the verse in the Latin translation: "Gloria in excelsis Deo et in terra pax hominibus bonae...

10
Greek
168

Song of Simeon: Nunc dimittis (Luke 2:29-32)

Nunc dimittis refers to a hymn that Simeon pronounces when seeing a Messiah as he was promised by the Holy Spirit before his death comes. The name "Nunc dimittis" is based on the first two words from the first verse in the Latin translation: "Nunc dimittis servum tuum, Domine, secundum verbum tuum...

27
Greek
71

Word Became Flesh (John 1:1-18)

One of the most important verses in gospel of John is John 1:18. It says: "No one has ever seen God: only begotten God who is at the bosom of the Father, He made Him fully known." (translation from Greek). This is how the gospel begins and Jesus is right when He answers Philip, that who ever...

83
Greek

Hymn of Peace (Ephesians 2:14-16)

Paul breaks his speech to the Ephesians in verses 2:14-16, and begins a short discourse that is composed as a hymn. This is well discerned by a change of the personal prepositions from the first person plural (we) to the third person singular (he). In this discourse, Paul brings to the...

31
Greek
488

Exaltation of Christ (Philippians 2:6-11)

This passage is considered to be a fragment of an early Christian hymn. Such hymns existed in order to honor and praise God. There is, of course, a pastoral frame around the hymn. The function of the hymn here is to persuade and motivate Philippian Christians to imitate Christ in his humbleness...

50
Greek
132

Christ’s Supremacy in Cosmos and Atonement (Colossians 1:15-20)

The hymn of Colossians 1:15-20 focuses on the agency of Christ in the creation of all that is. The flow of the text is interrupted by the hymn in the change of the personal pronouns from the first and second person (I, you) to the third person (he). In the end, It is then resumed back to previously...

42
Greek
396

Mystery of True Godliness (1 Timothy 3:16)

This short hymnic passage of 1 Timothy 3:16 interrupts Paul’s address to Timothy with an exposition of “the mystery of true godliness.” This break is apparent by the change of personal pronoun from the second person (you) to the third (he) as well as also pointed by relative pronoun “which (ὃς...

21
Greek
211

God's Supreme Revelation (Hebrews 1:1-4)

Opening verses of the Epistle to the Hebrews do not start with greeting nor addressing the recipients as is typical for biblical epistolary literature. Although the epistle is placed among epistolary literature it does not share its form. It is rather closer to homily (sermon) by its own literary...

48
Greek
329

Suffering of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 3:18-22)

The 1 Peter 3:18-22 is arguably the most challenging passage in the entire list and maybe in the entire New Testament itself. This Christological text might have contained fragments of an ancient hymn (among others in the list: 1 Peter 1:18-21; 1 Peter 2:21-25; 1 Peter 3:18-22; 1 Peter 5:5-9). It...

64
Greek
567

Matthew 8:1-13 Third Sunday after Epiphany

Jesus Heals a man with Leprosy

23
Greek
30

1 Peter 1:1-12 (vocab exercise)

1st Peter 1:1-12 vocab for Greek III Global University Unit 2 lesson 3 part 1 of 2

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Greek
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1st Declension (feminine) noun endings

Identify the case of 12 different first declension feminine nouns and the feminine article.

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Greek
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2nd Declension (masculine) noun endings

Identify the case of 12 different second declension masculine nouns and the masculine pronoun.

93
Greek
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2nd Declension (neuter) noun endings

Identify the case of 12 different second declension neuter nouns and the neuter article.

67
Greek
8

Alfasta alkuun: Johdatus Uuden testamentin kreikkaan

Alfasta alkuun: Johdatus Uuden testamentin kreikkaan (Kiilunen, Jarmo; Hakola, Raimo) (4. painos) - (Greek for the Finnish speakers)

248
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11

Alphabet Names

Learning the names of the Greek alphabet.

26
Greek
27

Augment

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Greek
780

Basics of Biblical Greek (Mounce) Ch. 15-25

The vocabulary found in chs. 15-25 from William Mounce's Basics of Biblical Greek 4th Ed.

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3

Basics of Biblical Greek 4th Ed. (Mounce)

The vocabulary found in chs. 4-9 from William Mounce's Basics of Biblical Greek 4th Ed.

92
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112

Basics of Biblical Greek 4th Ed. (Mounce)

The vocabulary found in chs. 10-14 from William Mounce's Basics of Biblical Greek 4th Ed.

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Greek
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