Biblical Greek (Beginners): 06. Future, prepositions
Future tense won't be anything new for us. The endings are the same as in present tense. In order to form future tense, discerning letter σ has to be inserted in between verbal root and personal ending.
|1||λυ σω||λυ σομεν||λυ σομαι||λυ σομεθα|
|2||λυ σεις||λυ σετε||λυ σῃ||λυ σεσθε|
|3||λυ σει||λυ σουσιν||λυ σεται||λυ σονται|
Future passive voice has exactly the same endings as middle voice. However discerning letter σ is extended to θησ. The future passive voice is not that frequent phenomenon in Greek New Testament (almost 300 occurrences).
Stem Ending on a Plosive Consonant
As was letter σ appearing in endings of the III. declension, so it appearσ in future, however in this case as a discerning consonant in between verbal root and personal ending. When verbal root ends with plosive consonant, same rules will apply when connecting with letter σ.
- Labials plus σ forms to ps π, β, φ + σ = ψ
- Dentals plus σ forms to sigma τ, δ, θ + σ = σ
- Velars plus σ forms to ks κ, γ, χ + σ = ξ
|2 Thess 3:3||Πιστὸς δέ ἐστιν ὁ κύριος, ὃς στηρίξει ὑμᾶς καὶ φυλάξει ἀπὸ τοῦ πονηροῦ|
|Faithful is the Lord, whom will strengthen you and keep you from the evil One|
|Acts 13:10||οὐ παύσῃ διαστρέφων τὰς ὁδοὺς [τοῦ] κυρίου τὰς εὐθείας|
|You will not stop deforming straight ways of the Lord|
|Rom 5:9||ἐν τῷ αἵματι αὐτοῦ σωθησόμεθα διʼ αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῆς ὀργῆς|
|In his blood, we will be saved from the wrath because of him|
Each preposition in Greek is linked with some particular case (as it is in German). A preposition can have links to multiple cases having for each case specific meaning. Information about case links can be found in dictionaries.
We present a list of fifteen prepositions below, which occurred at least one hundred times in the text of New Testament:
You can gradually learn these prepositions in the assignments section.