This very famous psalm (among the NT scholars) describes a Davidic, messianic figure who will purge Jerusalem of Gentiles. The psalm is important for christology studies in that it unveils messianic hopes among some branches of early Judaism. It promotes a belief that the messiah would soon come to liberate Jerusalem from the Roman oppressors. This messianic king will gather the scattered exiles whom he will lead and shepherd in righteousness. These liberating thoughts de facto culminate in the first Jewish Revolt and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
Historically, it seems that the Psalms of Solomon are concerned with the turbulent events that took place during the first century B.C. The siege of Jerusalem that is described here might be pointing to the invasion of the Roman army led by Pompey (see Ps.Sol 2:1-2). Also, Herod the Great might be in view since he made claims to himself as a legitimate Jewish ruler and invaded the land to secure his position as appointed king of Judea. However, both of these persons are not explicitly mentioned. This silence might be due to the protection of the community from the revenge of the ruling elite.
|ψαλμός, οῦ, ὁ||psalm|
|ὁ, ἡ, τό||the|
|μετά||with (with G); after (with A)|
|ᾠδή, ῆς, ἡ||song|
|βασιλεύς, έως, ὁ||king|
|κύριος, ου, ὁ||Lord|
|εἰς||to; in (with A)|
|αἰών, ω̑νος, ὁ||age, eternity|
|ἐν||in (with D)|